A synovial cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops as a result of degeneration in the spine. Because a synovial cyst develops from degeneration it is not often seen in younger people (under 45) and it is more common in patients older than 65 years old.
The fluid-filled sac creates pressure inside the spinal canal and this in turn can give a patient all the symptoms of stenosis of the spine. Spinal stenosis is a condition that occurs when degeneration in the facet joints causes pressure on the nerves as they exit the spine
Synovial cysts develop as a result of degeneration in the facet joint in the lumbar spine. It is typically a process that only happens in the lumbar spine, and it almost always develops at the L4-L5 level (rarely at L3-L4).
The pain probably comes from the venous blood around the nerves not being able to drain and this leads to pain and irritation of the nerves. Sitting down allows the blood to drain and relieves the pressure.
A surgery can remove the cyst but the faulty mechanics and degeneration of the spinal segments still remain and will continue to progress unless the necessary exercises are used to normalize the affected joints and improve the movement of the lumbar spine and pelvis.
All of these exercises will be discussed and taught in the ELDOA 1-2 Intensive Seminar scheduled in Dallas and hosted by Legacy Sport & Wellness Center- www.legacyperformwell.com